Antidiabetic Herbs: A Review

Fenugreek flower (Trigonella foenum-graecum – L.). One of the plants discussed in this review, for which there is scientific evidence indicating antidiabetic effects. Public domain photo from Pxfuel.com.

This open access 2018 review by Paolo Governa and co-workers from the University of Siena and the Italian Society of Phytotherapy provides an overview of the use of medicinal plants in the management of diabetes, with particular regard to evidence of clinical effectiveness of medicinal plants in controlling diabetes-related symptoms.

The authors emphasise the following species enlisted in WHO monographs with indication of use for diabetes:

  • Holy basil, Ocimum tenuiflorum L., leaves.
  • Fenugreek, Trigonella foenum-graecum L., seeds.
  • Onion, Allium cepa L., bulb.
  • Neem, Azadirachta indica A. Juss., leaves.
  • Bitter melon, Momordica charantia L., fruit.
  • Korean ginseng, Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, roots.
  • American ginseng, Panax quinquefolius L., roots.
  • Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC., roots.

Many of these are used of diabetes in traditional medical systems or described in pharmacopoeias for this use. The authors consider that for the first two, holy basil and fenugreek, their use in diabetes is supported by clinical data.

The authors also discuss some other species which are attracting the interest of the scientific community for their promise in treating diabetes.

The authors comment that there is a crucial need for stronger evidence-based data.

Citation

Governa P, Baini G, Borgonetti V, Cettolin G, Giachetti D, Magnano AR, Miraldi E, Biagi M. Phytotherapy in the Management of Diabetes: A Review. Molecules. 2018; 23(1):105. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23010105

Plants Used for Urinary Stones in Traditional Iranian Medicine

This review of classic texts indicates that medicinal plants such as Feverfew, Chickpea, Bindii (Tribulus terrestris), Grape leaves, Lithospermum officinale, Carum copticum, Matricaria recutita, Grape, Prunus spp, Ferula persica, Apium graveolens, Nigella sativa, Peucedanum officinalis, Allium sativum, Centaurea cyan, Brassica rapa, Armenica vulgaris, Cucumber, Atriplex hortensis, Cucurbita maxima, Zingiber zerumbet, Arnebia euchroma and Origanum majorana are the most important medicinal plants used in traditional Iranian medicine for the treatment of kidney stones.

http://pbp.medilam.ac.ir/files/site1/user_files_7dh7d7/pirhadi-A-10-118-2-bf2b6d4.pdf

Pirhadi M. and Shahsavari S. An Overview of the Most Important Me-dicinal Plants Used in Iranian Traditional Medicine for the Treatment of Kidney Stones: A mini-review article. Plant Bio-technol Persa 2021; 3(1): 01-4.

About this blog

Here you will find links to recently published peer reviewed research papers in the fields of phytotherapy, phytochemistry and ethnomedicine, as well as my own articles and videos about herbal therapeutics.

My focus is on plants of the Mediterranean basin and Near East.

Photo: Rosemary (Salvia rosmarinus Spenn.) growing from a rock on the clifftop at Cap des Mossons, Ibiza. Photo by the author.